Visit these useful links on gender in agriculture from several organizations that provide toolkits, self-assessments and databases.
Gender in Agriculture Toolkits
This report by the World Bank Group and The ONE Campaign examines the scale and causes of the dramatic differences between how much men and women farmers produce in six African countries-- Ethiopia, Malawi, Niger, Nigeria, Tanzania and Uganda-- which together make up more than 40 percent of Sub-Saharan Africa’s population. This first of its type report reveals deep rooted gender gaps in African agriculture, identifies factors holding back women farmers, and sets out concrete actions that policy makers can take to reduce inequality.
Funded by the UN Foundation and the ExxonMobil Foundation, the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and Cultural Practice staff members co-authored this paper. This paper brings out the initial findings on changes in gender relations supported by the GAAP projects and explores the types of adaptive measures projects are taking to encourage more gender-equitable value project implementation. This paper builds on that research on value chain-linked projects in South Asia and Africa south of the Sahara, horticultural crops in Burkina, and the expansion of orange-flesh sweet potato production in Uganda. Qualitative and quantitative data from each of these projects is used to measure men’s and women’s access to, control over, and ownership of key productive assets and explores the linkages between women’s level of control over these assets and their ability to engage in emerging value chains.
In 2008, the Agriculture and Rural Development Unit of the Latin America and Caribbean Region (LCSAR) received a grant of 250,000USD from the Gender Action Plan (GAP) to mainstream gender into already existing projects in the region. The main goals were to increase the understanding and awareness of the agricultural sector and the gender dimension in agricultural projects, as well as to support efforts to advance women's economic empowerment. The funding supported work in several agricultural sectors, including: land access, market access, financial services access and water resource access. One of the main lessons learned is that small amount of financing can make a huge difference. The injection of GAP funds into World Bank-financed projects created a core of knowledge that can be used in future projects for gendered policy making, based on solid data and impact evaluation assessments. And it was done with a small amount of funding (30,000USD on average), showing that even small-seed financing can have far-reaching results.
While developing countries have made considerable progress in equalizing women’s economic opportunities, inheritance legislation often remains strongly gender-biased. This study uses inheritance patterns over three generations of individuals to assess the impact of changes made to the Hindu Succession Act that grant daughters equal coparcenary birth rights in joint family property. It shows that although the amendment significantly increased daughters’ likelihood to inherit land, substantial bias persists. Results also indicate a robust increase in educational attainment of daughters, suggesting an alternative channel of wealth transfer.
- Women's Economic Empowerment in Latin America and the Caribbean: Policy Lessons from the World Bank Gender Action Plan
The World Bank Group’s Gender Action Plan (GAP) Trust Fund has financed a series of programs to promote gender equality by empowering women to compete in key markets: land, labor, agriculture, finance and the private sector. This book summarizes over half a decade of gender-related activities, training, research and results in Latin America and the Caribbean. All of the GAP-funded cases chosen for this book provide succinct policy lessons. Many have integrated rigorous impact evaluations to ensure replication and scaling-up of promising models; others have less rigorous evaluations but nonetheless offer interesting policy options.The featured cases reveal why policymakers who want to make markets work for women must consider the interplay of markets, formal and informal institutions, and household decision-making.
PRODEP is aWorld Bank operation that empowers rural andperi-urban populations to propose, select, and implement small-scale development projects to improve the wellbeing of their communities. The operation, a US$38.6 million effort implemented over five years, considered women an important target population. Reviews undertaken throughout Project implementation and anecdotal data captured through supervision missions showed that PRODEP provided female participants with benefits such as greater participation in civic activities, increased access to independent revenue streams resulting in higher household income, and improved access to critical resources.
Soon to be an e-learning course!
- Gender in Agriculture Sourcebook
Gender and Social Mainstreaming IDSP in Zambia: Summary of Issues, Observations and Recommendations
This chart offers observations and recommendations for mainstreaming gender into the Irrigation Development and Support Project in Zambia. (2011)
Gender and Assets Online Toolkit (IFPRI/ILRI)
As part of the GAAP project we will develop a gender and assets toolkit to help practitioners, policymakers and researchers integrate gender and assets into quantitative and qualitative evaluations. This toolkit is a work in progress. It will be developed over the lifespan of the project and modified based on what we learn from partner organizations throughout the project.
Gender and Value Chains: Manual for Gender Mainstreaming (CORDAID)
This manual contributes to the incorporation of gender mainstreaming in various types of programmes in Local Economic Development (LED) by answering two fundamental questions: How do we incorporate gender mainstreaming in Local Economic Development programmes; and how do we incorporate gender mainstreaming within organizations that carry out LED programmes? (Spanish)
A Toolkit for Mainstreaming Gender and Rights Based Approaches in Agricultural Plantations in Lake Victoria Basin in the Context of HIV/AIDS
This toolkit is aimed at facilitating comprehensive responses to HIV/AIDS, gender and rights-based issues in agricultural plantations in the Lake Victoria Basin. This work contains resource materials, advocacy strategies and practical guidelines for mainstreaming gender into the design, management and implementation of HIV/AIDS, gender and rights-based approach projects.
Gender in Agriculture Checklist (ADB)
This checklist, designed to assist staff and consultants implement the Asian Development Bank's policy and strategic
objectives on gender and development (GAD) can help guide users through different stages of the project/program cycle in
identifying the main gender issues in the agriculture sector and in designing appropriate gendersensitive strategies, components, and indicators to respond to gender issues.
Gender Into Climate Policy (Gendercc)
This toolkit explores the importance of mainstreaming gender into climate change interventions and is a guide for experts and decision makers. Tools featured in this publication, including gender analysis, gender budgeting and equality audits, are particularly relevant to gender and agricultural development initiatives.
Agri-Gender Statistics Toolkit (FAO)
This database was developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in support of enhanced production and use of sex-disaggregated agricultural data. It presents examples of gender relevant questions and tables jointly developed by national statisticians and FAO for agricultural censuses undertaken in Africa between 1993 and 2006.
Gender Responsive Budgeting: Participatory Budgeting from a Gender Perspective
This issue of the GRB newsletter examines participatory budgeting (PB) as one of the main strategies for securing public participation in local governance. Examples of PB initiatives that are argued to have successfully integrated gender concerns namely in Rosario,Argentina and Caroni, Venezuela are highlighted.
A Practical Guide for Addressing Gender Concerns in Land Titling Projects
This practical guide provides team task leaders on the steps to integrate gender approaches into land titling or titling components in the project cycle of larger operations.
Toolkit for Integrating Gender-Related Issues in Land Policy and Administration Projects
This simple toolkit is a derivative of the above-mentioned Guide and is intended as a quick resource for practitioners.
Making the Strongest Links: A Practical Guide to Mainstreaming Gender Analysis In Value Chain Development
A guide developed by ILO as a means to increase women entrepreneurs' capacity to access markets and build sustainable enterprises that create decent work. This guide contains a framework and methodology, practical examples, checklists and diagram tools.
- Five Lessons to Integrate Gender In Market-Oriented Agriculture
World Bank Annual Meetings proceedings: "Why Women Matter: Agriculture Sourcebook Briefing"
The transcript covers the launch of the Sourcebook from several key speakers from IFAD, IFPRI and the World Bank. The Sourcebook highlights evidence of progress made toward effectively integrating women into agricultural programs and provides recommondations for policy makers on further. investments in women.
Implementing the Bank's Gender Mainstreaming Strategy: Annual Monitoring Report FY09-FY10 (April '11)
The report has an overview of a funded initiative for capacity building courses and an approach for TTLs and project teams to bring gender considerations into ARD Bank operations and to ensure gender integration in project implementation. Visit related content: (Page 48, section 95-97; Lessons Learned from the Bank’s experience on gender mainstreaming - Page 52, section 107-121; Engines and Barriers to Gender Mainstreaming - Page 42, section 71 – 79).
Gender Issues in Monitoring and Evaluation in Rural Development: A Tool Kit
This toolkit provides key issues to consider throughout the project cycle with useful checklists, indicators, and monitoring and evaluation systems to be undertaken at different points.
World Bank Gender Employment Indicators
World Bank GenderStats
FAO's Gender and Land Rights Database
World Bank Development Indicators
Women, Business and the Law: Property Rights (World Bank)
FAO's Best Practices in Gender and Equity in Rural Societies
FAO's Knowledge Networks
IFAD's Tools and Guidelines on gender
IFAD's Mid-Term Review of the Gender Plan of Action
E-Learning Course on Gender and Humanitarian Action (Interaction)
Gender and Agriculture Projects
World Bank Gender Stats
World Bank GenderStats is a compilation of data on key gender topics from national statistics agencies, United Nations databases, and World Bank-conducted or funded surveys. It is a work-in-progress because the database is continuously updated as new information becomes available.
For more information about Gender in the World Bank, click here.