What is Gender in Agriculture?
Gender plays a vital role from the farm to market. A variety of constraints however, impinge upon the ability for developing countries to perceive women as agents of food and nutritional security.
Did You Know?
There is a direct link between increased female labor participation and growth: It is estimated that if women’s paid employment rates were raised to the same level as men’s, America’s GDP would be 9 percent higher; the euro-zone’s would be 13 percent higher, and Japan’s would be boosted by 16 percent.
Women’s nominal wages are 17 percent lower than men’s.
In some regions, women provide 70 percent of agricultural labour, produce more than 90 percent of the food, and yet are nowhere represented in budget deliberations
In Mexico, women in paid employment devote an additional 33 hours to domestic chores per week, while men’s weekly contribution six hours
If the average distance to the moon is 394,400 km, South African women together walk the equivalent of a trip to the moon and back 16 times a day to supply their households with water
In Arab states, only 28 percent of women participate in the workforce
ECD Official Development Assistance (ODA) for gender equality has tripled in 2006 compared with 2002, going up from US$2.5 billion to US$7.2 billion. This has meant an increase in the proportion of total ODA from 6 to 8 percent.
In both centralized and decentralized governance systems, women tend to lack political voice. Gender inequalities result in less food being grown, less income being earned, and higher levels of poverty and food insecurity. Agriculture in low-income developing countries is a sector with exceptionally high impact in terms of its potential to reduce poverty. Yet recent analyses presented in the Gender in Agriculture Sourcebook suggest that gender issues are explicity incorporated into less than 10 % of official development assistance (ODA) that is directed toward agriculture.
Women continue to face inequality in the agriculture sector. Main findings of the Gender in Agriculture Sourcebook as well as many other recent publications from partner organizations, expose the dire need to address gender issues in projects.
Several topics are important to an effective means of evaluating economic access to key markets and nonmarket institutions. They include, but are not limited to, the following areas:
- Gendered Access to Land and Property
- Gender and Food Security
- Access to credit
- Legal Reforms
- Land Dispute Resolution
- Gender-responsive Titling
- Gender in Fisheries and Aquaculture
- Finance and Extension
- Gender and Natural Resources Management
- Gender and Agricultural Innovation and Education
- Gender and Livestock
- Monitoring and Evaluation
- Protecting Women's Land and Property Rights in the Context of AIDS
In collaboration with colleagues in the World Bank, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the e-platform is a knowledge network. Within this website, the conversation moves into a "one-stop shop" for agriculture specialists, practitioners and the academic community to share and improve upon lessons learned in efforts to reducing poverty through sustainable rural development.
Genderinag.org was developed thanks to the Gender Action Plan (GAP) plan at The World Bank. GAP was formed in 2007 as a four-year action plan to improve women’s economic opportunity by increased access to land, labor, agriculture and financial services, and by ensuring that women’s needs for infrastructure are better served.
To this end, Genderinag.org is a community of practice, providing analytical and advisory services on a wide range of gender-related topics.